Chunky Victorian brooch of 3 unusual materials unique to the Victorian era, that are no longer made - French jet, whitby jet and cut steel. The bacchante's features are beautifully and intricately carved of whitby jet and set on a shiny base of French jet with a delicately made garland of cut steel framing the oval base of French jet on which the cameo is set. Whitby jet is a form of fossilized coal mined from the town of Whitby England and used to carve Victorian jewelry and objects in the 19th century, particularly jewelry made for mourning, a popular industry during these times. French jet was made to imitate whitby jet but is actually made of glass. And cut steel was an industry rooted in Birmingham and made from the steel pieces that came off of horses hooves, designed faceted and and set into jewelry by steelworkers to capture the glint of light and imitate diamonds. Finding all these materials used in one brooch in incredible condition, along with a beautifully carved cameo. is rare indeed.